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ATENEO DI QUALITÀ ACCREDITATO ANVUR - FASCIA A

Martedi' 17 febbraio 2015, ore 15:00 - Seminario Teorico INFN - Dr Giuseppe Burgio - Topological order and the vacuum of Yang-Mills theories -

Relatore: Dr Giuseppe Burgio - Universita' di Tubinga

Luogo:Sala Feynman

E-mail organizzatore: francesco.direnzo@fis.unipr.it

 

Abstract

We introduce a non-local topological order parameter for SU(2) Yang-

Mills theories discretized on a lattice, the center flux z. We show

that:

• Center vortex topological sectors, classified by π_1(SO(3))=Z2,

can only exist in the ordered phase of z;

• Depending on the dimension 2 ≤ d ≤ 4 and action chosen, z

exhibits a critical behaviour sharing striking features with

the Kosterlitz-Thouless type of transitions, although belonging

to a novel universality class;

• Such critical behaviour does not depend on the temperature T.

Yang-Mills theories can thus exist in two different continuum

phases, characterized by a topologically ordered or disordered

vacuum; this reminds of a quantum phase transition, albeit

controlled by the choice of symmetries and not by a physical

parameter.

Pubblicato Venerdì, 4 Agosto, 2017 - 16:22 | ultima modifica Venerdì, 4 Agosto, 2017 - 16:22